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Basic PHP System: View/Edit/Delete/Add Records

J2289's picture

(Anyone with PHP knowledge is welcome to comment on the code. If there are issues I haven't noticed, please let me know. Do realize that it is intended for beginners, so I didn't want to do anything too advanced that might lead to confusion. Yes, I realize I could use OOP, or could separate some of these out into methods, etc. etc.)

OK... Here's some code for you to play with. It's a basic system that allows you to:
-- view existing records
-- edit existing records
-- delete existing records
-- add new records

Online demo:
http://www.falkencre...ecords/view.php

Basically, just imagine that you are in charge of a sports team, and you want to keep a list of all your player's contact information. The code I've created could be a starting point for that (it only includes fields for their first name/last name, but could obviously could be expanded to use more fields).

This is just a basic starting point for projects that require view/edit/delete functionality. I know it may seem a lot to understand at first, but read all the comments in the code -- I try to explain what I am doing step by step. I'm also happy to help with any questions (please post questions in a new topic.)

How to create a system that allows a user to add/edit/remove data in a database seems to be a commonly asked topic, so I may adapt this into an actual tutorial at some point in the future.

DATABASE:
-- You'll need to create a database (I named mine 'records' but it can be changed) using PHPMyAdmin
-- Save the included sql file on your desktop as a .txt file
-- Once you've created the database, make sure the database is selected, then click the "import" tab
-- Select the .txt file on your desktop, and import it into your database. PHPMyAdmin will create all of the necessary tables/import some test data for you to play with

SQL file:
--
-- Table structure for table `players`
--

CREATE TABLE `players` (
`id` int(11) NOT NULL auto_increment,
`firstname` varchar(32) NOT NULL,
`lastname` varchar(32) NOT NULL,
PRIMARY KEY (`id`)
) ENGINE=MyISAM DEFAULT CHARSET=latin1 AUTO_INCREMENT=5 ;

--
-- Dumping data for table `players`
--

INSERT INTO `players` VALUES(1, 'Bob', 'Baker');
INSERT INTO `players` VALUES(2, 'Tim', 'Thomas');
INSERT INTO `players` VALUES(3, 'Rachel', 'Roberts');
INSERT INTO `players` VALUES(4, 'Sam', 'Smith');

Save these php files all in the same folder in a place where you can run them using your server (I'm assuming you are using something like WAMP for the server? I'm not sure if Dreamweaver includes something like that by default.)

connect-db.php
<?php
/*
CONNECT-DB.PHP
Allows PHP to connect to your database
*/

// Database Variables (edit with your own server information)
$server = 'localhost';
$user = 'root';
$pass = 'root';
$db = 'records';

// Connect to Database
$connection = mysql_connect($server, $user, $pass)
or die ("Could not connect to server ... \n" . mysql_error ());
mysql_select_db($db)
or die ("Could not connect to database ... \n" . mysql_error ());

?>

view.php



View Records

<?php
/*
VIEW.PHP
Displays all data from 'players' table
*/

// connect to the database
include('connect-db.php');

// get results from database
$result = mysql_query("SELECT * FROM players")
or die(mysql_error());

// display data in table
echo "

View All | View Paginated

";

echo "

";
echo "

";

// loop through results of database query, displaying them in the table
while($row = mysql_fetch_array( $result )) {

// echo out the contents of each row into a table
echo "

";
echo '

';
echo '

';
echo '

';
echo '

';
echo '

';
echo "

";
}

// close table>
echo "

ID First Name Last Name
' . $row['id'] . ' ' . $row['firstname'] . ' ' . $row['lastname'] . ' Edit Delete

";
?>

Add a new record


view-paginated.php
Same as view.php above, except that results are split up into separate pages



View Records

<?php
/*
VIEW-PAGINATED.PHP
Displays all data from 'players' table
This is a modified version of view.php that includes pagination
*/

// connect to the database
include('connect-db.php');

// number of results to show per page
$per_page = 3;

// figure out the total pages in the database
$result = mysql_query("SELECT * FROM players");
$total_results = mysql_num_rows($result);
$total_pages = ceil($total_results / $per_page);

// check if the 'page' variable is set in the URL (ex: view-paginated.php?page=1)
if (isset($_GET['page']) && is_numeric($_GET['page']))
{
$show_page = $_GET['page'];

// make sure the $show_page value is valid
if ($show_page > 0 && $show_page <= $total_pages)
{
$start = ($show_page -1) * $per_page;
$end = $start + $per_page;
}
else
{
// error - show first set of results
$start = 0;
$end = $per_page;
}
}
else
{
// if page isn't set, show first set of results
$start = 0;
$end = $per_page;
}

// display pagination

echo "

View All | View Page: ";
for ($i = 1; $i <= $total_pages; $i++)
{
echo "$i ";
}
echo "

";

// display data in table
echo "

";
echo "

";

// loop through results of database query, displaying them in the table
for ($i = $start; $i < $end; $i++)
{
// make sure that PHP doesn't try to show results that don't exist
if ($i == $total_results) { break; }

// echo out the contents of each row into a table
echo "

";
echo '

';
echo '

';
echo '

';
echo '

';
echo '

';
echo "

";
}
// close table>
echo "

ID First Name Last Name
' . mysql_result($result, $i, 'id') . ' ' . mysql_result($result, $i, 'firstname') . ' ' . mysql_result($result, $i, 'lastname') . ' Edit Delete

";

// pagination

?>

Add a new record


new.php
<?php
/*
NEW.PHP
Allows user to create a new entry in the database
*/

// creates the new record form
// since this form is used multiple times in this file, I have made it a function that is easily reusable
function renderForm($first, $last, $error)
{
?>



New Record


<?php
// if there are any errors, display them
if ($error != '')
{
echo '

'.$error.'

';
}
?>

First Name: *

Last Name: *


* required



<?php
}

// connect to the database
include('connect-db.php');

// check if the form has been submitted. If it has, start to process the form and save it to the database
if (isset($_POST['submit']))
{
// get form data, making sure it is valid
$firstname = mysql_real_escape_string(htmlspecialchars($_POST['firstname']));
$lastname = mysql_real_escape_string(htmlspecialchars($_POST['lastname']));

// check to make sure both fields are entered
if ($firstname == '' || $lastname == '')
{
// generate error message
$error = 'ERROR: Please fill in all required fields!';

// if either field is blank, display the form again
renderForm($firstname, $lastname, $error);
}
else
{
// save the data to the database
mysql_query("INSERT players SET firstname='$firstname', lastname='$lastname'")
or die(mysql_error());

// once saved, redirect back to the view page
header("Location: view.php");
}
}
else
// if the form hasn't been submitted, display the form
{
renderForm('','','');
}
?>

edit.php
<?php
/*
EDIT.PHP
Allows user to edit specific entry in database
*/

// creates the edit record form
// since this form is used multiple times in this file, I have made it a function that is easily reusable
function renderForm($id, $firstname, $lastname, $error)
{
?>



Edit Record


<?php
// if there are any errors, display them
if ($error != '')
{
echo '

'.$error.'

';
}
?>

ID: <?php echo $id; ?>

First Name: *

Last Name: *


* Required



<?php
}

// connect to the database
include('connect-db.php');

// check if the form has been submitted. If it has, process the form and save it to the database
if (isset($_POST['submit']))
{
// confirm that the 'id' value is a valid integer before getting the form data
if (is_numeric($_POST['id']))
{
// get form data, making sure it is valid
$id = $_POST['id'];
$firstname = mysql_real_escape_string(htmlspecialchars($_POST['firstname']));
$lastname = mysql_real_escape_string(htmlspecialchars($_POST['lastname']));

// check that firstname/lastname fields are both filled in
if ($firstname == '' || $lastname == '')
{
// generate error message
$error = 'ERROR: Please fill in all required fields!';

//error, display form
renderForm($id, $firstname, $lastname, $error);
}
else
{
// save the data to the database
mysql_query("UPDATE players SET firstname='$firstname', lastname='$lastname' WHERE id='$id'")
or die(mysql_error());

// once saved, redirect back to the view page
header("Location: view.php");
}
}
else
{
// if the 'id' isn't valid, display an error
echo 'Error!';
}
}
else
// if the form hasn't been submitted, get the data from the db and display the form
{

// get the 'id' value from the URL (if it exists), making sure that it is valid (checing that it is numeric/larger than 0)
if (isset($_GET['id']) && is_numeric($_GET['id']) && $_GET['id'] > 0)
{
// query db
$id = $_GET['id'];
$result = mysql_query("SELECT * FROM players WHERE id=$id")
or die(mysql_error());
$row = mysql_fetch_array($result);

// check that the 'id' matches up with a row in the databse
if($row)
{

// get data from db
$firstname = $row['firstname'];
$lastname = $row['lastname'];

// show form
renderForm($id, $firstname, $lastname, '');
}
else
// if no match, display result
{
echo "No results!";
}
}
else
// if the 'id' in the URL isn't valid, or if there is no 'id' value, display an error
{
echo 'Error!';
}
}
?>

delete.php
<?php
/*
DELETE.PHP
Deletes a specific entry from the 'players' table
*/

// connect to the database
include('connect-db.php');

// check if the 'id' variable is set in URL, and check that it is valid
if (isset($_GET['id']) && is_numeric($_GET['id']))
{
// get id value
$id = $_GET['id'];

// delete the entry
$result = mysql_query("DELETE FROM players WHERE id=$id")
or die(mysql_error());

// redirect back to the view page
header("Location: view.php");
}
else
// if id isn't set, or isn't valid, redirect back to view page
{
header("Location: view.php");
}

?>

Source :http://www.killersites.com/community/index.php?/topic/1969-basic-php-system-vieweditdeleteadd-records/